Towards a Healthier Canada - Data Table

Towards a Healthier Canada – Data TableFootnote i

Monitoring the many factors that influence childhood obesity/healthy weights helps to inform and identify actions to support positive change. As a result, Federal, Provincial and Territorial governments, alongside experts from across the country, have decided on a set of national indicators to report on every two years. These indicators provide information on healthy weights, physical activity and healthy eating, as well as information on the physical and social environments in which children and families live, learn and play.Footnote ii

The current progress report provides updated estimates on childhood obesity/healthy weights, and its determinants, in Canada.

Topic Indicator Measure e-Report 2013
(Data Source)†
e-Report 2015
(Data Source)†
†Data sources: CHMS (Canadian Health Measures Survey), HBSC (Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Administrator Survey), PAM (Physical Activity Monitor), CCHS (Canadian Community Health Survey), CANPLAY (Canadian Physical Activity Levels Among Youth Survey)
Data sources for Aboriginal populations: Indicators presented apply to our population as a whole. It is well known that subgroups of the population (e.g. Aboriginal peoples) experience poorer health status compared to the general population, but data limitations affect our ability to track these indicators for subgroups. The Federal/Provincial/Territorial Public Health Network continues to examine data sources for Aboriginal populations according to the indicators in this report and will provide an update on this work in the 2017 progress report.
†† Estimates using the HBSC survey, which is updated every 4 years, could not be updated for the 2015 e-Report given that more recent data is not available.
* Statistically significant change between 2013 and 2015 e-Report estimates.

Return to footnote i referrer Most recent data as of June 2015.

Return to footnote ii referrerThe indicators and data sources included in the 2013 and 2015 e-Reports, such as obesity prevalence and active play, were selected based on evidence and advice from a Task Group comprised of F/P/T officials and experts across the country. It should be noted that these indicators and data sources may require modification over the coming years (e.g. due to changing data sources).

Return to footnote iii referrer Differences in estimates for the 2013 and 2015 e-Reports may be due in part to a change in the method of measuring physical activity among 5 year olds.

Return to footnote iv referrer Differences in estimates for the 2013 and 2015 e-Reports are in part due to changes in the format of survey questions.

Return to footnote v referrer As reported in: Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute. 2010 Physical Activity Monitor - Bulletin 08: Availability, use, and suitability of public facilities and programs. Ottawa: Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, 2011.

Return to footnote vi referrer Interim data.

Return to footnote vii referrerFurther work is needed in this area due to changes in media consumption patterns and platforms. An update will be provided in the 2017 e-Report on healthy weights.

Return to footnote viii referrerAs reported in: Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute. 2010 Physical Activity Monitor - Bulletin 07: Parental Involvement in Children’s Physical Activity. Ottawa: Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, 2011.

Return to footnote ix referrerEstimates using the CCHS could not be updated for this measure given that more recent data is not available for all jurisdictions.

Return to footnote x referrerAs reported in: Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute. 2008 Physical Activity: Getting Kids Active! - Bulletin 03: Barriers to physical activity among children. Ottawa: Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute, 2009.

Healthy Weights Overweight prevalence

Proportion of children (aged 5-17 years) who are overweight (measured BMI), WHO cut-offs

19.8%
(CHMS 2009-11)

18.6%
(CHMS 2012-13)
Obesity prevalence Proportion of children (aged 5-17 years) who are obese (measured Body Mass Index (BMI)), World Health Organization (WHO) cut-offs 11.7%
(CHMS 2009-11)
12.5%
(CHMS 2012-13)
Physical Activity Active play Proportion of children (aged 6-11) who accumulate less than 3 hours per week of active play (unstructured physical activity) outside of school 49%
(CHMS 2009-11)
54.8%
(CHMS 2012-13)
Active transportation Proportion of children (aged 11-15) who use active travel as their main form of transportation to school 32.5%
(HBSC 2009-10)
32.5%††
(HBSC 2009-10)
Level of physical activity

Accelerometer: Proportion of children  and youth (aged 5-17) that meet physical activity guidelines by accumulating at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day

4.4 %
(CHMS 2009-11)
9.3% *Footnote iii
(CHMS 2012-13)
Step counts:  Proportion of children (aged 5-17) who attain at least 12000 steps per day 7%
(CANPLAY 2009-11)
5.4%
(CANPLAY 2011-14)
Organized sport Average number of hours per week that children (aged 6-11) take part in physical activity, outside of school while participating in lessons or league or team sports 2.3 hours
(CHMS 2009-11)
2.4 hours
(CHMS 2012-13)
Sedentary behaviour (Screen time) Proportion of children and youth (aged 3-17) who exceed Canadian Sedentary Behaviour guidelines for screen time (i.e. more than 2 hours/day for ages 5-17 and more than 1 hour for children aged 3-5) 54.9%
(CHMS 2009-11)
74.5%* Footnote iv
(CHMS 2012-13)
Sedentary pursuits after school Average number of minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity obtained by children (aged 5-19) between the hours of 3 pm and 5 pm 9.8 minutes
(CHMS 2007-09)
9.6 minutes
(CHMS 2012-13)
Healthy Eating Breakfast consumption Proportion of children (aged 11-15) who report eating breakfast on weekdays, 5 days/week 59%
(HBSC 2009-10)
59%††
(HBSC 2009-10)
Breastfeeding Proportion of women (aged 15 and over) who report initiating breastfeeding at the birth of their child 89.3%
(CCHS 2011-12)
91.1%
(CCHS 2013)
Proportion of women (aged 15 and over) who report exclusive breastfeeding to their child for the first six months of life 24.1%
(CCHS 2011-12)
27.6%
(CCHS 2013)
Fruit and vegetable consumption Proportion of children (aged 12-17) reporting that they consumed fruit or vegetables at least five times per day 45.5%
(CCHS 2011-12)
43.9%
(CCHS 2013)
Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption Proportion of children (aged 3-17) who report drinking soft drinks, fruit drinks or sport drinks every day 24.0%
(CHMS 2009-11)
16.4% Footnote iv
(CHMS 2012-13)
Supportive Environment Adequate sleep Proportion of children (aged 5-17) obtaining adequate sleep: 10-11 hours for children aged 5-9 years, 8.5-9.25 for children aged 10-17 years 56.9%
(CHMS 2009-11)
51.4%
(CHMS 2012-13)
Built environment Proportion of parents of children aged 5-17 who report the availability and adequacy of local public facilities and programs for physical activity and sports for their children 93% say public facilities and programs are available;
65% say these facilities and programs meet their needsFootnote v
(PAM† 2010)
92% say public facilities and programs are available

(PAM 2014-15)Footnote vi
Children’s exposure to mediaFootnote vii ads for foods and beverages Number of companies participating in the Canadian Children’s Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative (CAI) TBC TBC
Family recreation Proportion of Canadian parents who report 'often' or 'very often' playing active games with their children in the past year 37%
(PAM 2010Footnote viii)
38%Footnote vi
(PAM 2014-15)
Food insecurity Proportion of households, with at least one child under the age of 18, considered food insecure 10%
(CCHS 2011-12)
10%Footnote ix
(CCHS 2011-12)
Physical education Average number of hours per week of physical activity obtained by children (aged 6 to 11) during class time 2.6 hours
(CHMS 2009-11)
2.4 hours*
(CHMS 2012-13)
Safety Proportion of Canadian parents who identify safety concerns as a barrier to children's physical activity 18%Footnote x
(PAM 2010)
24%Footnote vi
(PAM 2014-15)
Proportion of youth (aged 11-15) who agree or strongly agree that it is safe for younger children to play outside during the day 75.3%
(HBSC 2009-10)
75.3%††
(HBSC 2009-10)
Supportive policies, programs and facilities at school Proportion of schools that have a committee that oversees policies and practices concerning physical activity or healthy eating (e.g., health action team) 62.5%
(HBSC 2009-10)
62.5%††
(HBSC 2009-10)
Proportion of schools with an improvement plan for the current school year containing any items related to physical activity or healthy eating 60.2%
(HBSC 2009-10)
60.2%††
(HBSC 2009-10)